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But now, a ghost from his past has been dug up as fodder for the political contest between Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak and his biggest nemesis, Tun Mahathir. Monetary and Financial Sector. The Bank is also responsible for bringing about financial system stability and fostering a sound and progressive financial sector. Bank Negara Malaysia plays its role as overseer in ensuring the safety, reliability, and efficiency of payment systems infrastructure, and to safeguard the public's interest. According to Bank Negara, all paper notes will eventually be phased out and replaced by polymer notes. For more information on cookies and how you can disable them, see our " Cookies Policy ". Tun Mahathir says there is a 1MDB cover-up and his foes are accusing him of doing the same.

Rates from the Interbank Foreign Exchange Market in Kuala Lumpur. Rates at are the best rates offered by selected commercial banks.

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Following his allegations, the Cabinet has now set up a task force led by former chief secretary to the government, Tan Sri Sidek Hassan, to investigate whether there were wrongdoings that caused the losses, whether there was a cover-up on the size of the losses, and whether Parliament was misled. So, who should the task force call up as part of its probe? I am guessing the following: Tun Mahathir, who was the prime minister then; Tun Daim Zainuddin, who was the minister of finance from to when Bank Negara was active in the forex market; Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim, who was the minister of finance when the losses surfaced in and ; Dr Lin, who was deputy governor of the central bank then; Tan Sri Ahmad Don, who succeeded Jaafar as governor; Murad, who made the allegations; and Nor Mohamed, who was head of forex operations.

Who is Nor Mohamed? Nor Mohamed is the man who lost billions for Bank Negara and resigned along with Jaafar in In an ironic twist, the man who lost billions for the country was later credited with helping save the ringgit from currency speculators in Frustrated by the year-long failure of governments and central banks to fight off speculators, who had devalued Asian currencies the ringgit plunged to as low as 4.

The doctor did not understand how the currency market worked and Nor Mohamed took him through it in great detail. The two men then confidentially devised the plan that shocked the world — the imposition of controls on Sept 1, Widely criticised at the time Ahmad Don and his deputy Datuk Fong Weng Phak resigned in protest , some now say the move helped bring an end to the crisis, as speculators feared other affected countries would do the same.

He is now deputy chairman of Khazanah Nasional. But now, a ghost from his past has been dug up as fodder for the political contest between Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak and his biggest nemesis, Tun Mahathir. The objective is obvious. Tun Mahathir says there is a 1MDB cover-up and his foes are accusing him of doing the same.

Will the task force unearth anything that is not already known? The task force needs three months to complete its work, so we will just have to wait for the full picture before we can come to any conclusion that can bring closure to something that happened 25 years ago.

Perhaps, one day, we will be lucky enough to also have the full picture of the affairs of 1MDB. In that case, should we not have a task force on 1MDB as well so Malaysians can have the full picture?

The oversight activities are focus on containing systemic risks and reducing the overall risks in the payment systems in ensuring the reliability of the major payment and settlement systems. Bank Negara Malaysia also facilitates improvements in payment services and market developments through fostering payment innovations and ensuring public confidence in the retail payment systems and the use of payment instruments. The Bank undertakes active consultation and cooperation with market players and stakeholders.

Given the importance of e-payments in enhancing economic efficiency, accelerating the migration to electronic payments is one of the nine focus areas under the Financial Sector Blueprint released by the Bank in Dec Financial Stability Financial instability and its effects on the economy can be very costly due to its contagion or spillover effects to other parts of the economy. Indeed, it may lead to a financial crisis with adverse consequences for the economy.

Hence, it is fundamental to have a sound, stable and healthy financial system to support the efficient allocation of resources and distribution of risks across the economy. One of the main objectives of central banks is to promote and maintain monetary and financial stability as it contributes to a healthy economy and sustainable growth. Bank Negara Malaysia discharges the responsibility for promoting a sound and efficient Malaysian financial system by preserving the soundness of financial institutions and the robustness of the financial infrastructure to withstand adverse economic cycles and shocks, thereby preventing inordinate disruptions to the inter mediation process and maintaining confidence in the financial system.

This is primarily achieved through the regulation and supervision of the licensed financial institutions, by ensuring the continued reliability of major payment and settlement systems, and actively contributing to the development of efficient financial markets. The Bank also remains vigilant to new emerging trends and challenges to the Malaysian financial system which could undermine financial stability by devoting significant resources towards instituting robust surveillance processes which aim to identify vulnerabilities and support pre-emptive actions to prevent systemic disturbances.

Payment Systems Under the Bank for International Settlements BIS definition, a payment system consists of instruments, banking procedures, and typically inter bank funds transfer systems that ensure and facilitate the circulation of money. In essence, it facilitates corporations, businesses and consumers to transfer funds to one another. Payment system is defined as any system or arrangement for the transfer, clearing or settlement of funds or securities in the Central Bank of Malaysia Act Payment systems are a vital part of the financial infrastructure of a country.

MyClear , a payment subsidiary owned by Bank Negara Malaysia, enables the transfer and settlement of high-value inter bank payments and securities. Its failure could contribute to systemic crisis and transmit financial shocks to the financial system. The efficient functioning of RENTAS allows transactions to be completed safely and in a timely manner contributing to overall economic performance.

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Ringgit Foreign Exchange Rates

Latest exchange rates from the Interbank Foreign Exchange Market in Kuala Lumpur. Rates at are the best rates quoted for selected currencies by . Bank Negara Exchange Rate USD for Monday, 10 September BNM: / | Maybank: / | Public Bank: / | CIMB: / | RHB. Ringgit Foreign Exchange Rates. Latest exchange rates from the Interbank Foreign Exchange Market in Kuala Lumpur. Rates at are the best rates quoted for selected currencies by selected commercial banks. As Malaysia's Central Bank, Bank Negara Malaysia promotes monetary stability and financial stability conducive to the .